Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was a Texan singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll. Although his professional recording career lasted only a year and a half before his death in an airplane crash, Buddy Holly is described by critic Bruce Eder as “the single most influential creative force in early rock and roll.” His works and innovations inspired and influenced countless contemporary musicians and exerted a profound influence on popular music. Buddy Holly was among the first group of inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Holly #13 among “The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time”.
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